• Overcharging of fees;
  • Debt bondage;
  • Falsification of documents;
  • Deception with regard to nature of employment, including contract substitution and mail order bride trade;
  • Exploitation and abuse while waiting for job or to be sent abroad;
  • Lack of preparation for employment abroad;
  • Forced or coerced recruitment, including being kidnapped or sold;
  • Hazardous journey to country of destination.